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Apps from Young Indian Developers Aim to Fix Colour Blindness, Dyslexia, Speech Issues



Young Indian builders have a brand new goal style within the subject of purpose-driven apps – accessibility. From one which seeks to assist deal with color blindness, to a different that was impressed from the founder’s struggles with stammering, these accessibility apps search to make an actual world distinction. While there are combined utilization reactions to every, these apps are taking up points comparable to dyslexia and stammering — and whereas a medical certification isn’t in sight, common person suggestions pegs them as accessibility aids which are reasonably priced for many, particularly compared to typical scientific consultations and remedy procedures. One key level to glean from these younger Indian builders has been the usage of simplified design and approachable interfaces, which they’re utilizing to enchantment to a considerably broad person base.

Data from the Colour Blind Awareness Organisation states that as of 2019, there have been virtually 30 crore folks on the earth (virtually one-fourth of India’s inhabitants) who suffered from some type of color blindness. For dyslexia, it’s much more frequent — the Council for Awards in Care, Health and Education (CACHE), a 76-year-old English organisation, states that over 70 crore folks around the globe have, in some unspecified time in the future, suffered from it. Stammering, too, has equally giant prevalence — the non-profit Stuttering Foundation states that nearly 80 % of all kids around the globe have some ranges of stammering points in some unspecified time in the future, which interprets to over 7 crore folks around the globe going through it as adults.

Cone and its efforts towards color blindness

One unifying issue behind the work accomplished by all of those younger Indian builders is the usage of on a regular basis applied sciences (comparable to a smartphone or a smartwatch) to resolve these points. Built out of developer Kushagra Agarwal’s personal necessity to battle color blindness, Cone (out there solely on Apple units for now) was constructed to assist customers simply detect the precise color of a floor by merely pointing their telephones at it. Over time, the info might even be used to grasp supply colors extra intuitively.

Cone was created with help from the Apple AVFoundation, a framework that builders can use to render color performances comparable to HDR and Dolby Vision into audio-visual initiatives. This framework, coupled with Agarwal’s incapacity to differentiate between uncooked and ripened mangoes at house, helped create a visible engine for color manufacturing to assist these affected by color blindness. The app, nonetheless, confronted early constraints that many different color blindness accessibility apps additionally face.

“People, mostly from Reddit’s r/colorblind community, were sceptical about Cone’s accuracy because of two problems in existing apps — inaccurate color readings in different lighting conditions, and the tendency for apps to read only a single pixel value,” Agarwal stated. To repair these points, Cone makes use of a color temperature management algorithm which ensures accuracy of color tone in any lighting situation — an vital empirical worth to ascertain. It additionally aggregates color tones round some extent of an object to state which color is being detected. This is vital, as the color data in a single pixel could not at all times be the precise color that the bare human eye sees.

The addition of those applied sciences have seemingly helped Agarwal, and Cone is at the moment each a licensee of Pantone and part of the Apple App Store Small Business programme. The app is a paid service out there solely on iOS, iPadOS and watchOS, and prices Rs 449. Even although adoption has been considerably area of interest — Sensor Tower knowledge signifies lower than 5,000 downloads since its launch on the App Store in April 2017, Cone has to date reported virtually 81 % optimistic scores from its paying prospects.

Stamurai and its speech remedy choices

Built by three IIT Delhi graduates, Stamurai is a free to obtain app that’s out there on each Android and iOS, and is without doubt one of the hottest accessibility apps constructed by younger, unbiased builders. The app has been featured on the App Store lately by Apple, and can also be seeing appreciable consideration from Android customers, too — Google pegs Stamurai at over 50,000 downloads proper now, and Sensor Tower states the app has crossed the 5,000 downloads mark.

Stamurai provides its customers options comparable to stay, digital help teams, ‘accountability’ companions’ and a membership plan for corrective speech remedy that customers can subscribe to, past the free options out there within the app. It expenses customers Rs 349 monthly for a ‘gold’ membership, and Rs 3,349 for an accountability associate who may be accessed for private consultations straight by the app. In impact, it makes the method for availing speech remedy and counseling much more streamlined and accessible, even when one needs to chorus from subscribing to any of the membership plans inside it.

The founders, Anshul Agarwal, Harsh Tyagi and Meet Singhal, declare that the thought to develop Stamurai got here alongside when Singhal and Agarwal, who each stuttered, have been seeking to assist one another with their speeches. The key for the app, the builders declare, are video steering periods on speech remedy, self-help instruments to implement speech methods, and the promotion of help teams and communities throughout the app. Stamurai initially launched on Android in February 2017, and extra lately, on iOS in February 2020.

Since its launch, the builders state that help from Apple’s person expertise (UI/UX) workforce has helped refine it, whereas comparable help from the App Store Machine Learning (ML) workforce has helped enhance the tech stack. The app presently ranks with a extensively optimistic ranking, with 85 % of person scores on iOS being 5-star, and 75 % of them being the identical on Android as nicely.

Augmenta11y and its dyslexia reader

Developer Tushar Gupta’s Augmenta11y (pronounced ‘Augmentally’) goals to resolve the plight of the dyslexic reader — one thing that may be crippling in sure circumstances, not only for the younger age group affected by it, however for these round as nicely. With a reasonably simplified interface, Augmenta11y has a simplified reader mode that provides strategic backgrounds to enhance focus, distinction tweaking for backgrounds, a number of font choices with nice tweaks comparable to letter and line spacings, and voice read-outs as nicely.

All of this, Gupta claims, has been compiled from open-source analysis materials on dyslexia. Gupta and his fellow researchers declare to have carried out a ‘published research’, from which he claims that Augmenta11y accounts for “21 percent improved reading times as compared to paper based textbooks.” Co-developer Mudita Sisodia has additionally detailed the event rationale behind the app in a weblog submit on the younger builders’ backing organisation, Oswald Labs.

After its 2019 launch, the AR app is but to take the flight of recognition. Augmenta11y has crossed 5,000 downloads on the Google Play Store, whereas Sensor Tower knowledge claims it nonetheless stands at under 5,000 on the iOS App Store. What might assist every of those apps in additional progress are medical certifications to again up assets that every of Cone, Stamurai and Augmenta11y have on supply.

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Bitcoin Steadies in Asia Trading After Monday’s Plunge



Bitcoin stabilised in Asian buying and selling on Tuesday morning a day after a press release from China’s central financial institution reaffirming the continued crackdown on cryptocurrencies within the nation despatched the world’s largest token to a two-week low.

Bitcoin was final up 3.17 p.c at $32,600 (roughly Rs. 24.16 lakhs), having dropped greater than 10 p.c on Monday. As of June 22 (11:16am IST), Bitcoin worth in India stood at Rs. 24.44 lakhs. Ether, the second-biggest cryptocurrency, was up 3.54 p.c at $1,950 (roughly Rs. 1.44 lakhs) after hitting a five-week low the day earlier than. As of June 22 (11:16am IST), Ether worth in India stood at Rs. 1.46 lakhs.

Monday’s sell-off was sparked by an announcement from the People’s Bank of China saying it had summoned China’s largest banks and fee corporations urging them to crack down tougher on cryptocurrency buying and selling.

Beijing has sharply ratcheted up its marketing campaign up to now few weeks, since China’s State Council, or cupboard, mentioned final month it could tighten restrictions on Bitcoin buying and selling and mining.

However, Tuesday’s worth strikes urged Asian merchants thought markets in a single day had overreacted to the information.

“A Chinese ban on cryptocurrencies isn’t something new. The one that came out yesterday was almost a copy of a previous annoucement, earlier this year,” mentioned Justin d’Anethan, head of alternate gross sales at crypto alternate operator EQONEX.

“As always, leverage, large participants and fundamental events mean crypto can move dramatically,” he mentioned.

Last month, three trade associations issued a ban on crypto-related monetary companies, however the our bodies are a lot much less highly effective than the PBOC.

Market individuals mentioned on the time that the sooner ban can be exhausting to implement as banks and fee corporations would wrestle to establish crypto-related funds.

However, following Monday’s PBOC assertion, banks together with Agricultural Bank of China, and Alipay, the ever-present fee platform owned by fintech big Ant Group, mentioned they’d step up monitoring to root out crypto transactions.

Interested in cryptocurrency? We focus on all issues crypto with WazirX CEO Nischal Shetty and WeekendInvesting founder Alok Jain on Orbital, the Gadgets 360 podcast. Orbital is out there on Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, Spotify, Amazon Music and wherever you get your podcasts.

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The Boys Season 3 to Feature ‘Craziest Thing Ever Done’, Eric Kripke Says



The Boys season 3 episode 1 will function “the craziest thing we’ve ever done”, creator, showrunner, and head author Eric Kripke has teased in a brand new interview. Kripke naturally would not want to spoil what it’s, although he did reveal that it could be within the visible gag division, in step with different stuff The Boys has executed prior to now together with “the 12-inch penis, the smashing into a whale broadside, [or] facing-sitting a guy to death”. Also within the interview, Kripke stated The Boys season 3 will discover “how politics are turning us on each other” within the US, due to new character Soldier Boy.

Asked how he feels about with the ability to embrace profanity on The Boys, one thing he could not do with Supernatural on cable TV, Kripke stated he is not so loopy about dropping F-bombs. Instead, he is at all times extra excited concerning the visuals they’ll pull off at Amazon Prime Video, which permits The Boys to be as grownup and graphic because it desires. Noting the penises and the whales, Kripke added: “Those are the ones that, for me, I sit in editing with my hands over my head, just giggling. Because I was in broadcast for so long. And so, I don’t take for granted that I’m in a space where I can just pull this stuff off.”

“Without giving away any spoilers, I was just in editing yesterday, and we’re doing something here in [The Boys] season 3 premiere that is not only I think the craziest thing we’ve ever done, it’s got to be up there with the craziest thing anyone’s ever done,” Kripke continued. “Maybe it won’t work. Who knows? But I’m just so high on this gag that we’re pulling off. And it’s certainly something nobody has ever seen before, probably for good reason. So all that’s really exciting.”

Without delving into spoilers (once more), Kripke additionally touched upon how they’re increasing their socio-political critiques in The Boys season 3. From the beginning, The Boys — largely due to its grownup 18+ ranking — has been in a position to deal with the likes of white supremacy, political polarisation, refugee fear-mongering, and America’s gun legal guidelines. On The Boys season 3, Kripke & Co. are pushing their exploration of “America itself as a myth” past that, in time and scope.

“A big element of the comics actually are flashbacks to World War II and Vietnam,” Kripke stated. “I always really loved it because you got to see how the superhero phenomenon didn’t just affect the present, but how it affected parts of the past as well. And so, we have this character [on The Boys season 3], Soldier Boy, played by Jensen Ackles, and he’s been around since World War II and was the first Vought superhero. Through him and through his story, we’re able to explore a lot of the history of the country, really.”

Kripke added: “I’d say in previous seasons the bogeyman for you to be scared of used to be, ‘The terrorists are coming to get you.’ And now it’s sort of metastasised into, I think, a much more ominous, ‘Your neighbour is coming to get you.’ And that’s scary to me, how politics are turning us on each other. So, we want to explore what it means to be in America, really.”

The Boys season 3 would not have a launch date. But do not anticipate it earlier than 2022, given it is at the moment “in the middle of shooting” and “just over the halfway point by a couple of weeks”, Kripke revealed.

It’s Google I/O time this week on Orbital, the Gadgets 360 podcast, as we talk about Android 12, Wear OS, and extra. Later (beginning at 27:29), we leap over to Army of the Dead, Zack Snyder’s Netflix zombie heist film. Orbital is accessible on Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, Spotify, Amazon Music and wherever you get your podcasts.

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Flash Sales Proposed to Be Banned, Tighter E-Commerce Rules Planned



India proposed banning flash gross sales on e-commerce web sites and stated on Monday their affiliate entities shouldn’t be listed as sellers on their platforms, in a proposed tightening of guidelines that would hit Amazon and Walmart’s Flipkart.

The Ministry of Consumer Affairs’ guidelines, which have been launched in a authorities assertion, come amid complaints by brick-and-mortar retailers that international e-commerce gamers bypass Indian legal guidelines by utilizing complicated enterprise buildings.

Amazon and Flipkart say they adjust to all Indian legal guidelines. Amazon stated on Monday it was reviewing the draft guidelines and had no quick remark, whereas Walmart’s Flipkart didn’t reply to a Reuters request for remark.

Under the stricter proposals, e-commerce corporations mustn’t maintain flash gross sales in India. These are vastly fashionable throughout festive season, however have confronted anger amongst offline sellers who say they can’t compete with the deep reductions on-line.

E-commerce companies should additionally be sure that none of their “related parties and associated enterprises” are listed as sellers on their purchasing web sites, and no associated entity ought to promote items to a web-based vendor working on the identical platform.

The modifications may influence enterprise buildings utilized by Flipkart and Amazon within the quick rising Indian e-commerce market, trade sources and attorneys stated.

A Reuters investigation in February confirmed Amazon had given preferential remedy to a small group of sellers for years. Amazon holds an oblique stake in two of the highest sellers on its web site, however says it doesn’t give any preferential remedy.

Foreign e-commerce gamers should not make direct gross sales to customers, and may solely function a market for sellers.

Amazon and Flipkart are additionally regulated underneath India’s international funding guidelines for e-commerce, and it was not clear if the proposed client ministry guidelines will supersede them or not.

The proposal, which is relevant to each Indian and international gamers, is open for public session till July 6, the Indian authorities assertion stated.

The guidelines additionally name on corporations to make strategies of other merchandise earlier than clients make purchases “to ensure a fair opportunity for domestic goods.”

“This proposal basically changes the way e-commerce is structured. This is way beyond consumer rules – this is basically like an e-commerce industry policy,” one e-commerce government stated, including: “It will be extremely disruptive.”

Amazon and Flipkart are individually locked in a court docket battle with federal antitrust watchdog to stall an investigation into their enterprise practices.

© Thomson Reuters 2021

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